Occupations prohibited to foreigners
What are the occupations that are by law reserved for Thai people? I think there are 43 of them.
Asked on Tuesday, May 8, 2001 | 07:46 AM
Tommy, Holmberg, Sweden
The Alien Occupation Law of 1973, as updated by the Working of Aliens Act, 1978, and as amended by subsequent Royal Decrees up to 1979, prohibits foreigners from engaging in the following occupations and professions: - Labor. - Work in agriculture, animal breeding, forestry, fishery or general farm supervision. - Masonry, carpentry or other construction work. - Woodcarving. - Driving motor vehicles or non-motorized carriers, except for piloting international aircraft. - Shop attendant. - Auctioneer. - Supervising, auditing or giving services in accounting, except occasional international auditing. - Gem cutting and polishing. - Hair cutting, hairdressing and beautician work. - Making hand-woven products. - Mat weaving or making of wares from reed, rattan, kenaf, straw or bamboo pulp. - Making fibrous paper manually. - Manufacture of “kruang kern” (gold-stenciled Thai woodwork). - Production of Thai musical instruments. - Manufacture of “kruang tom” (Similar to “kruang kern”). - Working with gold, silver or other precious metals. - Manufacture of bronze products. - Making Thai dolls. - Manual production of silk products. - Making of Buddha images. - Manufacture of knives. - Fabrication of paper or cloth umbrellas. - Shoemaking. - Hat making. - Brokerage or agency work, except in international business. - Dressmaking. - Making pottery or ceramics. - Manual cigarette rolling. - Legal or litigation work. - Clerical or secretarial work. - Manual silk reeling or weaving. - Thai-character typesetting. - Hawking goods. - Working as a tour guide or tour organizing agent. - Architectural work. - Civil engineering work. The Alien Business Act of 1999 reserves the following activities for majority Thai-owned businesses: - Newspaper, radio and television station undertakings. - Lowland farming, upland farming, or horticulture. - Raising animals. - Forestry and timber conversions from natural forests. - Fishing for aquatic animals in Thai waters and in Thailand’s Exclusive Economic Zone. - Extraction of Thai medical herbs. - Trade in, and auctioning of, ancient Thai objects or ancient objects of national historical value. - Making or casting Buddha images and making monk’s bowls. - Dealing in Land.