Phuket Gazette

Special Report:

Thailand has again ranked poorly in Transparency International’s annual report on corruption worldwide, released last week. How does this report affect Phuket?

The Phuket Gazette investigates.

PHUKET: Global corruption watchdog Transparency International last week released its annual report on corruption worldwide.

Known as the Global Corruption Barometer, the report compiles an international index of all countries based on surveys of everyday people and how corruption affects their daily lives.

Thailand did not fare well: 71% of respondents felt that police were corrupt or extremely corrupt; 68% felt that political parties were corrupt or extremely corrupt; and 58% felt that public officials and civil servants were corrupt or extremely corrupt.

Cost of corruption. Source: World Bank
The surveys confirmed Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index released last year, in which Thailand ranked 88 out of 176 countries. Thailand’s ranking identified it as worse than Serbia and El Salvador, on par with Swaziland, marginally better than Malawi, but much better than Iran, Uganda and Afghanistan.

The annual Global Corruption Barometer report this year also highlighted the fact that corruption reached into nearly every facet of people’s lives in Thailand: 32% of respondents felt that education systems were corrupt or extremely corrupt and 21% felt that medical and health services were corrupt or extremely corrupt.

In short, over one fifth of respondents believed that parents in Thailand could not send their children to school or to hospital without facing corruption.

SCHOOL’S OUT

Anurak Rungrueng, Acting Director of the Phuket Primary Education Area Office (PPEAO), and hence the chief administrator of all government schools in Phuket and the neighboring provinces, does not believe one third of a sample population accusing the education system of being corrupt constitutes a problem.

“I don’t think the education system is that corrupt. This number [32%] might be inflated because of the recent news of people cheating on the national teacher admissions test. This gives people a bad perception of the Thai education system,” he said.

“Apart from the teacher admissions test scandal, I do not see any other problems that can be considered as corruption in the education system,” he added.

Regardless, Mr Anurak called on all Education Department officers to be transparent in their affairs as a personal responsibility in order to combat the perception of being corrupt.

“Each official must be held accountable for their work and everyone must be transparent – especially education staff,” he said.

He added that his officers carry out random checks to ensure staff do not take advantage of their positions.

“We regularly check up on our officers, this is especially so when equipment is being purchased. I believe we have been doing great work to keep Phuket’s educational system free from corruption,” he said.

“However, every department has bad people, and I urge anyone who sees any corrupt activities in Phuket’s education system to report it to us at 076-211591,” Mr Anurak said.

HEALTH AND WEALTH

Phuket Provincial Health Office Director Bancha Kakong, likewise, sees corruption in the Health Ministry as a national issue, not a local one.

“I think Phuket plays a very small part in the 21% who believe that the Thai health ministry is corrupt. I believe we have a great system to check up on corruption,” Dr Bancha said, without elaborating what measures are in place to curb corruption in his office.

“Where cheating can exist in Phuket is with the bidding for health ministry projects, but this is more about construction companies securing contracts and then passing on the work to another company to complete the project at a cheaper cost,” Dr Bancha explained.

POLICE

While Phuket’s top health and education officials are willing to dismiss corruption as a non-issue, the police – the worst-rated institution in the survey – recognized that corruption does exist in Phuket and that work still needs to be done to root out the culprits.

“I cannot deny there is a problem concerning police corruption across Thailand, including Phuket,” said Phuket Provincial Police Deputy Commander Arun Kaewvatee.

“In Phuket, there are some lower-level officers who are involved in corruption. However, we are getting rid of them,” said Col Arun.

“The Royal Thai Police is a big organization – there are more than 200,000 police officers across the country – so it is not easy to check up on all of the officers, but we try to have our own officers investigate crooked police and we punish them in accordance with the law,” he added.

Col Arun believes that public perception may play a large part in such a high number of people (71%) believing that the police are corrupt or very corrupt.

“The nature of police work is to arrest bad people and have them locked up. People do not like police when they are suddenly involved in their lives.

“This is so not only in Thailand; other countries have the same problem as well,” he explained.

“However, we cannot blame the poll or people. We need to take a good look at ourselves to make sure we are doing enough to gain the trust of the people, instead of making them fear or hate us,” he said.

PAY DIRT

Among the top suggestions for combating corruption among the ranks of civil servants, according to the World Bank and Transparency International, is to raise base salaries.

According to the Royal Thai Police Act BE 2554 (2011), a senior-ranking officer of the rank Colonel, usually indicating the officer is at least a police station superintendent, receives a starting salary of 18,910 baht a month.

A Sergeant Major, however, is to be paid a meager starting salary of 9,850 baht a month.

Col Arun believes that raising police salaries any further would have only a limited effect in reducing corruption among police in Phuket.

“Increasing police salaries might help stop some corruption, but lower-lever officers would not gain much if their salaries were raised. The point is, regardless of rank, police officers should not receive any dirty money,” he said.

“We need everyone to help us check up on police officers on the island and report any illegal activities to us,” Col Arun urged.

“There are more than a thousand police officers stationed in Phuket. There must be some bad police in our force… We will investigate and get rid of them,” he said.

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This article first appeared in the current issue (July 20-26) of the hard-copy Phuket Gazette newspaper, now on sale at newsstands throughout the island. Digital subscribers may download the full newspaper, this week and every week, by clicking
– Phuket Gazette

1

Corruption in Thailand starts at the very top and continues all the way to the bottom, and is entrenched in every aspect of Thai society. The only thing that varies is how much is being made. I have no problem with it, as it is honest corruption; you can buy or get whatever you want if you have money. Trying to change it would be like trying to catch a fart in a fan factory. :-)

Posted by skip July 23, 2013 09:06:45PM

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2

I have heard many times that the police are underpaid, which is why they resort to corruption. The article refers to a Sgt Major, which is more a military rank in most western countries. However, presumably of 'middle management' status here. It refers to a starting wage of only 9,850 baht a month, which must be close to the Thai minimum wage? The problem is, even if you double the salaries, it is unlikely to stop corruption!

Posted by Bjay July 23, 2013 09:20:35PM

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3

Awwww. It's so cute when officials pretend that corruption in the police isn't a pandemic, institutionalized way of life here.

Posted by Joe in Rawai July 23, 2013 10:40:07PM

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4

My girlfriend had to pay a "fee" of 5,000 baht to get her son admitted to a school in Surin, and my hairdresser in Patong told me she has to pay the police on a monthly basis. So we all know this is common practice and if the authorities want to pretend otherwise that is just part of it. As for reporting anything, that is a joke. Let's have an independent investigation by forensic auditors if we want the truth.

Posted by Dave July 24, 2013 06:56:54AM

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0    0

5

Corruption in Thailand starts at the very top and continues all the way to the bottom, and is entrenched in every aspect of Thai society. The only thing that varies is how much is being made. I have no problem with it, as it is honest corruption; you can buy or get whatever you want if you have money. Trying to change it would be like trying to catch a fart in a fan factory. :-)

Posted by skip

I agree. My 11-year-old son could not have got into the local government school in Thailand (not Phuket) without the 125,000 baht I had to put in a brown envelope for the school "manager". Corruption? Yes. But the benefit? Obviously far greater than what I had to pay. Such a lucky break for him would not have been possible at all back home in Australia.

Posted by Lucky Parent July 24, 2013 08:32:31AM

Reply

0    0

6

I have heard many times that the police are underpaid, which is why they resort to corruption. The article refers to a Sgt Major, which is more a military rank in most western countries. However, presumably of 'middle management' status here. It refers to a starting wage of only 9,850 baht a month, which must be close to the Thai minimum wage? The problem is, even if you double the salaries, it is unlikely to stop corruption!

Posted by Bjay

Yessss, my point exactly whenever I hear the old 'give-them-a-decent-wage-and-the-corruption-will-go-away' argument. MOST unlikely. Corruption is about morality. Higher wages can't change that – might even make it worse. Give the Sgt Major 20,000 a month and he'll buy a new Honda Accord, using the salary for the monthly interest and living day-to-day off his (already lavish) tips.

Posted by Ralph Bannister July 24, 2013 08:42:07AM

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0    0

7

My girlfriend had to pay a "fee" of 5,000 baht to get her son admitted to a school in Surin, and my hairdresser in Patong told me she has to pay the police on a monthly basis. So we all know this is common practice and if the authorities want to pretend otherwise that is just part of it. As for reporting anything, that is a joke. Let's have an independent investigation by forensic auditors if we want the truth.

Posted by Dave

"Let's have an independent investigation by forensic auditors if we want the truth." Yup, but I'd make that "...an independent investigation by RESPECTED forensic auditors FROM OUTSIDE THAILAND if we want the truth."

Posted by Art Anderson July 24, 2013 08:57:30AM

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0    0

9

After chatting to a retired officer, he explained to me that guys either borrow money from their family or save up for years to "invest" in a job position in the force! How do you stop police corruption after some have invested everything they have to be one, and when the fringe benefits can be more than 5x the basic wage?

Posted by Vladdy July 24, 2013 11:48:38AM

Reply

0    0

10

My girlfriend had to pay a "fee" of 5,000 baht to get her son admitted to a school in Surin, and my hairdresser in Patong told me she has to pay the police on a monthly basis. So we all know this is common practice and if the authorities want to pretend otherwise that is just part of it. As for reporting anything, that is a joke. Let's have an independent investigation by forensic auditors if we want the truth.

Posted by Dave

"Let's have an independent investigation by forensic auditors if we want the truth." Yup, but I'd make that "...an independent investigation by RESPECTED forensic auditors FROM OUTSIDE THAILAND if we want the truth."

Posted by Art Anderson

+1... You hit it.

Posted by Ted Davis July 24, 2013 12:18:15PM

Reply

0    0

12

My girlfriend had to pay a "fee" of 5,000 baht to get her son admitted to a school in Surin, and my hairdresser in Patong told me she has to pay the police on a monthly basis. So we all know this is common practice and if the authorities want to pretend otherwise that is just part of it. As for reporting anything, that is a joke. Let's have an independent investigation by forensic auditors if we want the truth.

Posted by Dave

"Let's have an independent investigation by forensic auditors if we want the truth." Yup, but I'd make that "...an independent investigation by RESPECTED forensic auditors FROM OUTSIDE THAILAND if we want the truth."

Posted by Art Anderson

Yes Art, quite right (I had run out of space!) On a visit to Singapore everything seemed much better, so maybe they can draw a team of investigators and advisors from there.

Posted by Dave July 24, 2013 05:43:15PM

Reply

0    0

13

After chatting to a retired officer, he explained to me that guys either borrow money from their family or save up for years to "invest" in a job position in the force! How do you stop police corruption after some have invested everything they have to be one, and when the fringe benefits can be more than 5x the basic wage?

Posted by Vladdy

I know same story. One senior police officer in Phuket, a friend of a colleague of mine, had to sell his house to get a promotion to higher position. But eventually he got the higher position only in another province because the amount of money he was able to raise selling his house was not enough to be promoted to that position in Phuket.

Posted by Slava July 25, 2013 10:21:30AM

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14

Many countries have corrupt governments. But in countries where the future of senior political appointees and officials is not guaranteed, those appointees and officials will try to fill their pockets as much as possible while in power, because tomorrow there could be a military coup or new election winner who will try to imprison his or her predecessor. So senior government people don't seem to care much about their country or its people.

Posted by Slava July 25, 2013 10:28:30AM

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15

In Singapore, where leaders are quite sure about their future, obviously they have limit of their own enrichment. Look at Lee Kuan Yew and his family's private business success. Of course it was due to multi-billion government contracts given to family companies. But these companies are still working for the benefit of Singapore as well. None of them closed, or went bankrupt or had/have a bad reputation.

Posted by Slava July 25, 2013 10:37:56AM

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0    0

15

In Singapore, where leaders are quite sure about their future, obviously they have limit of their own enrichment. Look at Lee Kuan Yew and his family's private business success. Of course it was due to multi-billion government contracts given to family companies. But these companies are still working for the benefit of Singapore as well. None of them closed, or went bankrupt or had/have a bad reputation.

Posted by Slava July 25, 2013 10:37:56AM

Reply

0    0

14

Many countries have corrupt governments. But in countries where the future of senior political appointees and officials is not guaranteed, those appointees and officials will try to fill their pockets as much as possible while in power, because tomorrow there could be a military coup or new election winner who will try to imprison his or her predecessor. So senior government people don't seem to care much about their country or its people.

Posted by Slava July 25, 2013 10:28:30AM

Reply

0    0

13

After chatting to a retired officer, he explained to me that guys either borrow money from their family or save up for years to "invest" in a job position in the force! How do you stop police corruption after some have invested everything they have to be one, and when the fringe benefits can be more than 5x the basic wage?

Posted by Vladdy

I know same story. One senior police officer in Phuket, a friend of a colleague of mine, had to sell his house to get a promotion to higher position. But eventually he got the higher position only in another province because the amount of money he was able to raise selling his house was not enough to be promoted to that position in Phuket.

Posted by Slava July 25, 2013 10:21:30AM

Reply

0    0

12

My girlfriend had to pay a "fee" of 5,000 baht to get her son admitted to a school in Surin, and my hairdresser in Patong told me she has to pay the police on a monthly basis. So we all know this is common practice and if the authorities want to pretend otherwise that is just part of it. As for reporting anything, that is a joke. Let's have an independent investigation by forensic auditors if we want the truth.

Posted by Dave

"Let's have an independent investigation by forensic auditors if we want the truth." Yup, but I'd make that "...an independent investigation by RESPECTED forensic auditors FROM OUTSIDE THAILAND if we want the truth."

Posted by Art Anderson

Yes Art, quite right (I had run out of space!) On a visit to Singapore everything seemed much better, so maybe they can draw a team of investigators and advisors from there.

Posted by Dave July 24, 2013 05:43:15PM

Reply

0    0

10

My girlfriend had to pay a "fee" of 5,000 baht to get her son admitted to a school in Surin, and my hairdresser in Patong told me she has to pay the police on a monthly basis. So we all know this is common practice and if the authorities want to pretend otherwise that is just part of it. As for reporting anything, that is a joke. Let's have an independent investigation by forensic auditors if we want the truth.

Posted by Dave

"Let's have an independent investigation by forensic auditors if we want the truth." Yup, but I'd make that "...an independent investigation by RESPECTED forensic auditors FROM OUTSIDE THAILAND if we want the truth."

Posted by Art Anderson

+1... You hit it.

Posted by Ted Davis July 24, 2013 12:18:15PM

Reply

0    0

9

After chatting to a retired officer, he explained to me that guys either borrow money from their family or save up for years to "invest" in a job position in the force! How do you stop police corruption after some have invested everything they have to be one, and when the fringe benefits can be more than 5x the basic wage?

Posted by Vladdy July 24, 2013 11:48:38AM

Reply

0    0

7

My girlfriend had to pay a "fee" of 5,000 baht to get her son admitted to a school in Surin, and my hairdresser in Patong told me she has to pay the police on a monthly basis. So we all know this is common practice and if the authorities want to pretend otherwise that is just part of it. As for reporting anything, that is a joke. Let's have an independent investigation by forensic auditors if we want the truth.

Posted by Dave

"Let's have an independent investigation by forensic auditors if we want the truth." Yup, but I'd make that "...an independent investigation by RESPECTED forensic auditors FROM OUTSIDE THAILAND if we want the truth."

Posted by Art Anderson July 24, 2013 08:57:30AM

Reply

0    0

6

I have heard many times that the police are underpaid, which is why they resort to corruption. The article refers to a Sgt Major, which is more a military rank in most western countries. However, presumably of 'middle management' status here. It refers to a starting wage of only 9,850 baht a month, which must be close to the Thai minimum wage? The problem is, even if you double the salaries, it is unlikely to stop corruption!

Posted by Bjay

Yessss, my point exactly whenever I hear the old 'give-them-a-decent-wage-and-the-corruption-will-go-away' argument. MOST unlikely. Corruption is about morality. Higher wages can't change that – might even make it worse. Give the Sgt Major 20,000 a month and he'll buy a new Honda Accord, using the salary for the monthly interest and living day-to-day off his (already lavish) tips.

Posted by Ralph Bannister July 24, 2013 08:42:07AM

Reply

0    0

5

Corruption in Thailand starts at the very top and continues all the way to the bottom, and is entrenched in every aspect of Thai society. The only thing that varies is how much is being made. I have no problem with it, as it is honest corruption; you can buy or get whatever you want if you have money. Trying to change it would be like trying to catch a fart in a fan factory. :-)

Posted by skip

I agree. My 11-year-old son could not have got into the local government school in Thailand (not Phuket) without the 125,000 baht I had to put in a brown envelope for the school "manager". Corruption? Yes. But the benefit? Obviously far greater than what I had to pay. Such a lucky break for him would not have been possible at all back home in Australia.

Posted by Lucky Parent July 24, 2013 08:32:31AM

Reply

0    0

4

My girlfriend had to pay a "fee" of 5,000 baht to get her son admitted to a school in Surin, and my hairdresser in Patong told me she has to pay the police on a monthly basis. So we all know this is common practice and if the authorities want to pretend otherwise that is just part of it. As for reporting anything, that is a joke. Let's have an independent investigation by forensic auditors if we want the truth.

Posted by Dave July 24, 2013 06:56:54AM

Reply

0    0

3

Awwww. It's so cute when officials pretend that corruption in the police isn't a pandemic, institutionalized way of life here.

Posted by Joe in Rawai July 23, 2013 10:40:07PM

Reply

0    0

2

I have heard many times that the police are underpaid, which is why they resort to corruption. The article refers to a Sgt Major, which is more a military rank in most western countries. However, presumably of 'middle management' status here. It refers to a starting wage of only 9,850 baht a month, which must be close to the Thai minimum wage? The problem is, even if you double the salaries, it is unlikely to stop corruption!

Posted by Bjay July 23, 2013 09:20:35PM

Reply

0    0

1

Corruption in Thailand starts at the very top and continues all the way to the bottom, and is entrenched in every aspect of Thai society. The only thing that varies is how much is being made. I have no problem with it, as it is honest corruption; you can buy or get whatever you want if you have money. Trying to change it would be like trying to catch a fart in a fan factory. :-)

Posted by skip July 23, 2013 09:06:45PM

Reply

0    0

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